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Friday, July 31, 2009

Tourism destination, Nepal

Nepal is a small country of area around 1,47,181 sq. km located in South Asia.It is a landlocked country surrounded by two large countries India in East, West and South and China in North.It s small in size but due to its physical structure Nepal is famous in all over the world. Especially Nepal is famous for its highest peak. Out of 10 largest peak, Nepal consist 8 of them with the highest peak Mount Everest. Nepal is also famous for their natural resources like rivers, streams, conservative areas and various sight seen. Nepal is also famous for its cultural heritage.There are many famous temples like Pashupatinath, Soyambhunath, Buddhanilkhanta, Manakamana etc. There are about 123 different castes live all around the country with different culture. Nepal is very rich in culture. Nepal is also a birthplace of lord Gautama Buddha who born in Lumbini which is famous for Buddhist as well as the other peoples. There are many national parks like Chitwan national park where people can visit the park in elephant. Nepal consists various things to attract tourists so Nepal is one of the favourite destination for the tourist. There is tourism board which is doing a lot of thing to invite tourist in Nepal such as tourism year 2011.

Thursday, July 16, 2009


The foreign exchange ( FOREX ) market exists whenever one currency is traded for another. Forex market is the largest market in the world, in terms of cash value traded, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, multinational corporations, governments, and other financial markets and institutions. Retail traders (small speculators) are a small part of this market may only participate indirectly through forex brokers market maker like Money, forex financial or banks.Without international trade, the currency of one country must be exchanged for that of another for settlement of a transaction. Institutions and corporations in the international market place oftentimes need a certain currency to complete a deal, or to guard themselves from the effect of currency swings and rate changes. This system involving the exchange of different currencies has created the Foreign Exchange market or Forex and more known as the global interbank currency exchange market. Like stocks, gold and real estate investment, Foreign has become a very important tool for the investment community.

Wednesday, July 15, 2009

Newspaper writing

Newspaper especially of the popular variety, aim to do two things to inform and to entertain. Entertainment may be principally found in the center pages of the newspaper, in some of the feature articles and in some local news stories. The principal aim of short new report on the front pages is to inform. Most of the newspapers are published daily, and news reporters must make sure that they have up- to the minute news. In their news reports they will aim to create a sense of immediacy, to convey the impression that they have rushed the news to the reader and that the information contained is the very latest.Reports also wish to create a sense of authenticity, that is that their news is accurate and genuine. They may thus refer to their sources to the spokesmen who informed them perhaps quoting their very words to show that has been produce is the real news.Just as reporters appear to be in a hurry to find out and them retell their facts so too the readers of the daily newspaper are often in a hurry, trying to read as much of the news as possible before rushing off to work. This is perhaps what dictates one very common from at for news reports. According to this format, the first paragraph or two of the news report contains most of the main points of the story, in a condensed or summary form. The following paragraphs go over all the main points again, but this time adding more details. Thus the reader who is in hurry can get the main idea of the storyby reading just a first paragraph.

Saturday, July 11, 2009

Nepal place for rafting

Nepal has earned the reputation of the best destinations for white rafting. Cruising down rushing river of crashing waves and swirling rapid can make up excitement of the lifetime. Rafting trips for some is the highlight of the stay of Nepal. The water in Nepal offers something for everybody.
A typical day in river begins early in the morning when participants arrive at the site. Instruction on the safety and emergency situation are given to participants before the event. Life vest and helmets are worn by participants at all times during the trip. The best time for rafting is from October through mid December and through early may. In winter hypothermia may be hindrance to some. During monsoons month of June through September, the white water section are dangerous, but gentle stretches are easy to raft on. So far the government of Nepal has opened sections of 10 rivers for commercial rafting.

Friday, July 10, 2009

Trekking destination, Nepal

Travelling is human character or nature, human being need change in life so they travel from one place to another. One way of travelling is trekking. Trekking means to travel or migrate slowly with difficulty. Nepal is one of the naturally gifted country. It consists of various natural resources like mountains, hills rivers, streams, jungle, glaciers etc. Everybody likes natural beauty and people come to Nepal to see these beauty. Trekking in Nepal is a passion for those who have discovered the beauty and challenge. A trek through Nepal is an unforgettable and life-changing experience. Nepal is excellent place for trekking because there are large amount of hills and mountains where people loves to go and see their beauties. Trekking in Nepal is a big part of the ultimate Himalayan adventure and a majority of tourists have trekking as a part of their itinerary. Mostly trekking in Nepal in the western region of Pokhara, Dolpa, and Lo Manthang (Mustang).

Stone age, evidences in Nepal

According to Hindu epics and chronicles, there is strong evidences of human existence from the ancient time in Nepal. The hills and the valleys are supposed to be formed about 13 crores years ago and the existence of human being is there from very long time. 10 lakhs years old human fossils of Ramapithicus was found in Butwal of western Nepal shows that there is existence of human before 10 lakhs years ago. On the basis of study, lethal tools are categories into three Groups
1. Pre lithic tools 2. Medieval lithic tools 3. Neolithic tools
Neolithic human are civilized and engaged in agriculture, cattle, utensils making etc. there are many Neolithic tools found all over the different places in Nepal. Near the Dhanav Pokhari of Bardiya district Pre lithic tools were found. In the south east of Kathmandu, near Dhobi Khola Buddanilkhanta medieval lithic weapons were found. Dang valley, Dolakha Charikot, Lubu in Lalitpur, Kavrapalanchok, Palpa, Jhapa etc. are the places where Neolithic weapons were found. Neolithic weapons are red, black, grey coloured made by solid stone and looked very beautiful and polished. These weapons were used for digging, cutting and to save themselves from wild animals. Some of them are small but some were very large. These evidences prove that there were human existence from the time of first human Ramapithicus and they made the weapons of stone for various reasons which were also found in Nepal.

Global warming

Global warming is one of the largest problem facing by the world now. The main cause of Global warming is greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbon, carbon monoxide etc. The excess production of greenhouse gases causes global warming. The pollution introduced by rapid industrialization caused warming of the earth. Industries produced large amount of carbon dioxide which is one of the main causes of warming in the earth. The main causes of greenhouse gases are burning of carbon contain materials which when burns produce carbon which combines with oxygen in atmosphere to form carbon dioxide, deforestation, industries, vehicles etc. Another greenhouse gas CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) which is produced by the electrical industries and from refrigerator. Heat energy from the sun enters the atmosphere, but not all of it can easily go out again. The green house gases absorb this energy and cause the increase in temperature. Not only those countries who produces these gases in huge amount affected by global warming. Even the few amount of these gases producing countries were also affected by global warming. The large amount of lakes were dried up, glaciers were started to melt faster, reduction of rainfall, excessive rainfall, rise of sea level where already seen by the world. The temperature of the earth is rising every year. If every nation didn't think about this problem and didn't start to solve the problem then it's very difficult to get out of this problem. So we all must started to think about it and how to save our home "Earth".

Saturday, July 4, 2009

Drugs and its effect in youth

Drugs taking by youth is increasing on an alarming rate. The situation has become grave, parents and authorities are confused about this situation. It is not only a biological but a social, a psychological and an economical problem also. Everyday we come of drug trafficking on TV, Radio and newspaper. This gives an indication how widespread it is . Each and every aspect of it should be examined thoroughly. Various factor like types of drugs used, reasons for taking them, their horrifying effects etc. should betaken into account. This kind of examination is needed because the youth of any country is great source of strength and development. The youth is biologically full of energy and psychological, full of zeal. Young age is the age of formation and it is at this stage, the disease like drug taking strikes him. If the process continuous, he could remain nothing but lifeless stock.
The problem is such a complicated one that we have to analyze it from different angles. Taking drug is not merely a physiological phenomena it is much more.The drug taking youth is so much n his world of illusory excitement, that he does not feel the need of mixing with others. In other words, he dislikes social contacts. This will affect his social development and social relations of various types. His mental attitude goes through a transformation, he becomes a totally different personality. His way of looking at the family, friends, opposite sex, profession takes new turn which is not helpful but harmful to him. Almost all his mental process liking thinking, feeling and willing are disturbed. Sometimes, simple curiosity is also responsible for taking drugs. Youth want to know, how these drugs activate the mind and sometimes becomes a daily habit and necessity. Drugs is causing big problem to every part of the world especially for youth. So the parents, teachers, doctors, social workers and even politician should begin to take steps in this direction to save youth from drugs.

Alternative sources of energy

To perform any kind of work, energy is needed. All the human life depends upon energy in the universe. The sources of energy, which stored in nature from several millions of years and cannot be replaced quickly if exhausted. Firewood, kerosene, petrol, gases, coal are the sources of energy which cannot be replaced quickly and takes millions of years to form. With the growth of modern civilization and increasing population, people in the world are using various kinds of energy so there is always high demand of energy throughout the world. Since the demand of energy is increasing enormously, the present sources of energy cannot last for a long time. Then there will be the shortage of energy and that stage is energy crisis.
In order to rid the problem of energy crisis, we must develop alternative sources of energy which can be continuously produced in the nature and cannot be exhausted. The alternative sources of energy will become the major sources of energy in future. Scientist are making several researches to develop cheapest and convenient alternative sources of energy. Solar energy , Bio-gas, Wind energy, Hydro power, Nuclear energy are some of the examples of alternative sources of energy.
The energy obtained from the sun is called Solar energy which we can get continuously and we have seen that the sun is ultimate source of many form of energy. Another source is Bio gas which is an important source of energy. Cattle dung, Human wastes and different types of bio mass in water in the absence of air decomposes to give colourless and flammable gas containing methane and carbon dioxide. Wind energy is another form of alternative sources of energy which is produced by fast moving wind. Wind energy is cheap, plentiful, clean.It is one of the earliest sources of power. Hydro power is one of the alternative sources of energy, the flowing of water is probably the oldest technique known to mankind.Hence, alternative sources of energy are must need energy to overcome the high demand of energy and to save main sources of energy for future.

Friday, July 3, 2009

Science and Society

Science is the systemic study of the physical universe and its contents by means of observations, measurements and experiments. It is an attempt to explain nature and behaviour of things. Science goes down deep into the causes of life and nature, their evoulation, their interaction and thereby attempts to improve the conditions and quality of living. Science helps in greater and more objective analysis of cause and effect, of facts and evidences, science opens new frontiers of knowledge and unravels the mysteries of nature and things. It is a way of humanity of facing challenges, overcoming difficulties and discovering new instruments and approaches to the truth. It adds and increases human knowledge in a way that nothing else can do by making researches into the unknown areas of life and nature. Science is a true living force in a society. Society with its well established law and order, facilities for research, analysis, observation, experiment etc. helps them to conduct their exploration and discover in the unknown.Without a society no scientific research and development are possible. The growth and development in science and technology are in direct relation and proportion to the development and growth of society. Science means rational approach to things and problems. It signifies dispassionate analysis, reasoning, probe and sifting truth by removing irrationality, blind faith, superstitions and fears. Science is search for better and still better living conditions through knowledge, rationality, analysis and research. It knows failures but not defeat.
Science lends dynamism to society. Science in itself is neither good nor bad. It is human beings who make science good or bad. The evil lies on the human mind which can use both science and morality for evil proposes. Science is knowledge, pure , objective and empirical engaged in making the life more easy, comfortable and less painful. There is hardly any walk or department of life which is not in the embrace of science. The true spirit of science lies in search and discovery of truth.

Illetracy, problem for developing society

Illiteracy can be defined as that state of mind that is ignorant of all forms of reading and writing and thus makes a person to be classified as an uneducated person. Illiteracy is a global phenomena. It is closely linked to poverty and exploitation. There are one billion of illiterate people in the world and nearly 70 percent of the world's illiterate person are to be found in Asia. education prepares a man for a way of life. It awakens a critical sense in him towards the society and towards the people life and values they adopt. It awakens man's consciousness. It is a process of training which makes people aware of their situation and helps them to change things through and bring about total transformation of the society they live in. Therefore a literate population is an asset of the developing society. Literacy promotes self respect of the individual and makes one more confident of one's capabilities.A large section of a developing nations are below the poverty line and denied he access to the education and health service.
Illiteracy made its impact on the development of the countries and as a result, there is a decline in their living standard. So spread of literacy and educations the only way to development. The link between illiteracy, development and population is irrefutable. An alert and literate public opinion is absolute necessary for the successful working of a democratic society. Therefore people should be educated so that they can develop an interest about the country. Country like Nepal which is basically an agricultural society. Their social structure and the national economy are based on agriculture. Modern methods of farming and use of modern equipment can increase the production to a great extent so an educated farmer can revolutionize farming and can contribute a great deal to the nation's economy.Therefore illiteracy is a stumbling block to the development process and undoubtedly education is an important component of development. So mission like eradicating illiteracy has to spread all over the society to make all the people literate.

Thursday, July 2, 2009


Journalism means writing for newspaper or magazines. It is communication of the information through writing in periodicals interest and newspapers. The collection and editing of materials of current interest for presentation, publication or broadcast is journalism. The word journalism comes from French word "Jour" which means the day , that means the event and information of a day through written words, sound or picture. Journalism is a kind of art and journalist is a kind of Artist. Journalism is for the people and about the people. Nowadays many people from the worked make Journalism as occupation and it is developing as a industry. It is the commutation of news but it may also have certain features for the entertainment of the reader. There are different types of Journalism according to subject matter, for example political, economic, social, education, sports, etc.
The important of journalism in society is very important. It communicates the different information to the society. It gives the education and aware the people. It is noble profession where great men also joined this profession.It is the voice of voiceless. Journalism changed the society through the education. It gives awareness so journalism is called forth estate of state.The most important base of the journalism is faithfulness and it is like wealth. The solo aim of journalism should be service